Border Terrier – The Scruffy Little Hunter Dog


The Border terrier got its name from the area called Cheviot Hills, which is actually near the border of England and Scotland. This is where these dogs were made to attack and terminate predatory foxes.


Let's dive right in.


All About the Border Terrier


The Border terrier has a wiry coat which is why they normally appear as scruffy. However, this scruffiness is an attention-grabber and is why owners do not forget to hug their little ball of energy.


The following are some of the basic facts that potential owners would really love to know about Borders:


Category: Terrier


Living Environment: indoors (highly recommended); outdoors (fenced yard).


Coat: wiry and short; double coated


Colors: tan, red, grizzle and tan, and/or blue and tan


Height: between 11 and 16 inches


Weight: between 11 and 16 pounds


Temperament of the Border Terrier:




they are scruffy, hard and bold hunters

they are active as puppies but mellow down as they mature

they are not friendly with rabbits, rats, hamsters, and even birds

they are economical to feed

their activity level dies down when left alone all day as they really love to please people, especially their owners


When properly trained,


they can get along with the household cats but not with cats in the neighborhood

they may even catch a burglar

they may lose timidity when accustomed to active environments


Potential owners should take note of the following health issues:


Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome or CES, also called as "Spike's disease", which is a hereditary, neurological, metabolic and muscle disorder that is sometimes confused with canine epilepsy

Cataract, or loss of transparency of one or both lenses of the eyes

Cryptorchidism, wherein testicles do not descend into the scrotum


Skin problems and a few skin allergies


Care and Exercise:


Their coat needs weekly brushing.

They should be professionally groomed at least twice a year.

They should bathe only when necessary since they shed little to no hair. Their physique requires a regular exercise routine which includes a daily play time while on leash.

They should be on leash while walking in public places because of their hunting instincts.


Origin/History of the Border Terrier:


The exact origins of the Border terrier are obscure but many breeders have accepted the story that the variety was developed in the Cheviot Hills area, which is near the border of Scotland and England. The Borders have been used as hunters of rabbits and hares.


They can even keep up with running horses with their short yet sturdy legs. They were also used by farmers to lure predatory foxes into their dens before killing them.




The Border terrier was also trained to hunt otters, martens, and even fierce badgers. Like most terriers that were once molded as hunters, they also evolved as pets and became lovely, friendly, and loyal companion dogs.


They also take part in dog shows and they can easily grab their audiences attention with their agility, appearance, and bright disposition.




The breed was registered by the British Kennel Club in 1920 and by the American Club ten years after.


At present, the Border terrier is highly favored as companion dogs and pets due to their adaptability, friendliness, and winning personality. Nonetheless, they can be reliable when it comes to tracking down vermin.




In fact, some of their esteemed talents include hunting, guarding the family, and performing tricks and sports that require competitive obedience.


Like most terriers, you can be rest assured to have a loyal and bright companion dog if you give your attention and affection to a Border terrier. You can be sure that they can definitely drive away your bore!


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